ERIC Number: ED315367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Reverse Discrimination by Minority Groups. A Participant Observation Study.
Clavner, Jerry B.; Clavner, Catherine
This study explores reverse discrimination as a cultural phenomenon that should be studied by anthropologists, and to which anthropology has inadvertently contributed. Discrimination by minority group members is taught and encouraged under the guise of ethnic pride and promotion of traditional beliefs. Ethnocentrism may be a cultural defense mechanism for dealing with actual or alleged hostility and abuse suffered by members of a minority group, and may be used as rationalization of thwarted aspirations. Accompanying ethnocentric attitude is discrimination against others, and in-group/out-group conflict. Cultural elitism is encouraged by religion, as a conservative/conserving institution, that reinforces traditional values and a sense of exclusivity and inclusivity. Judaism is an example of this. Cultural elitism is reflected in discrimination through language, which is almost universal. More education, cross-cultural education, or education in anthropology are often given as solutions to the problems of discriminatory behavior, but have not necessarily been successful. For education in anthropology to successfully reduce discriminatory behavior, anthropologists must examine their assumptions and concepts, and make significant changes in their approach to curriculum. (AS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges (El Paso, TX, September 21-24, 1989).