ERIC Number: ED315352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
An Essay on the Post World War II Civil Rights Movement: The Struggle for Democracy and Beyond.
Dunston, Aingred Ghislayne
Scholars know the history of oppression. They know that struggles against oppression do not evolve in a vacuum. They may suspect that where discrimination exists, revolt is only an inch below the surface. What many may not realize is that the African-American fought against bigotry, racism, vigilante injustice, brutal violence, lynching, terror, and death in this democracy. The struggle against these forces, the strength necessary for the struggle, and the odds against success in the struggle are little known, especially in international circles. It required great coverage to fight for inclusion into the economic, social, political, judicial, and educational mainstreams as a matter of right, not a matter of privilege. The struggle was a challenge to the U.S. definition and practice of democracy and a challenge to move beyond that definition as practiced. This paper describes this struggle of African-Americans before and after World War II and shows how their successes helped other minority groups in the United States (women, Native Americans, and Mexican Americans) by providing a model for successful resistance. A 28-item bibliography is included. (JB)
Descriptors: Black History, Black Influences, Black Organizations, Blacks, Change, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Civil Rights, Democracy, Demonstrations (Civil), Minority Groups, Racial Integration, Racial Relations, Racial Segregation, Social Change, Social Discrimination, United States History
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Development of Democracy after World War II in Germany and the United States (Recklinghausen, West Germany, September 24-30, 1989).