ERIC Number: ED315339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
UN Peacemaking and Peacekeeping. Report of the United Nations Issues Conference (20th, Harriman, New York, February 24-26, 1989).
Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.
The United Nations (UN) enjoyed a renewed prominence in the international spotlight during 1988 as the world recognized UN successes in the areas of peacemaking and peacekeeping. Conference participants agreed that the lessening of tensions between the superpowers has had a very positive impact on the general international political atmosphere. Other factors may have contributed to the UN's accomplishments as well: conflicts were, perhaps, winding down of their own weight or, perhaps, the world is entering a new era of greater peace. To clarify how the UN goes about resolving conflicts, the participants distinguished between peacemaking and peacekeeping activities. Peacemaking is generally thought to be the full range of activities aimed at ameliorating conflicts between nations. Suggestions to strengthen the UN peacemaking role included early intervention and a more assertive stance by the Security Council. Participants gave the Secretary-General much credit for recent peacemaking advances and supported his continued efforts. Often a peacekeeping force is deployed after the first stages of peacemaking have succeeded. Some participants favored overhauling the operational aspects of peacekeeping. Others favored fine-tuning the system. As for the future UN role in peacemaking and peacekeeping, the participants discussed ways of preventing conflicts, how the international community might respond more effectively to massive human rights violations, and how to protect citizens and diplomats who travel internationally. A list of conference participants and the conference-opening address are included. (Author/JB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.