ERIC Number: ED315271
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
New Horizons in Electrochemical Science and Technology. Report of the Committee on Electrochemical Aspects of Energy Conservation and Production.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. National Materials Advisory Board.
Electrochemical phenomena play a fundamental role in providing essential materials and devices for modern society. This report reviews the status of current knowledge of electrochemical science and technology and makes recommendations for future research and development in this multidisciplinary field. The report identifies new technological opportunities in widely diverse applications, including batteries and fuel cells, biomedical and health care, coatings and films, corrosion, electrochemical surface processing, manufacturing and waste utilization, membranes, microelectronics, and sensors. In addition, opportunities for cross-cutting research in key areas that will provide the technology base needed in the future are delineated. These areas include electrochemical engineering, in situ characterization, interfacial structure, materials, photoelectrochemistry, plasmas, and surface reactions. The socioeconomic impact of electrochemical technology is summarized and compared with current federal support levels. Concerns are noted regarding constraints on basic research arising from support along traditional disciplinary lines and inadequate attention given to exploratory development as well as to science and technology transfer. (Author)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Electrical Occupations, Electronics, Engineering, Health, Higher Education, Research, Research and Development, Science and Society, Science Education, Technological Advancement
National Technical Information Service, 1420 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. National Materials Advisory Board.