ERIC Number: ED315251
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Sociocultural Factors on the Achievement of Minority Children.
Rodriguez, Richard F.
Biased assessment instruments and practices can lead to over-representation of minority children in special education classes. This paper analyzes the amount of variance in Mexican-American achievement test scores attributable to sociocultural factors. Fifty learning disabled Mexican-American elementary school students completed the Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) and Wide Range Achievement Test-R (WRAT-R). Their parents completed the Sociocultural Scales of the System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment. Sociocultural variables were not predictive of the total scores on the PIAT or WRAT-R. Some individual subtests of the PIAT and WRAT-R were significantly related to the Socioeconomic Scale or the Urban Acculturation Scale. In the latter scale, the Anglization factor was most important. These results suggest that the PIAT and WRAT-R are not discriminatory when used with lower socioeconomic or minority group children since a significant amount of variance could not be accounted for by sociocultural factors. This report contains 39 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Cultural Influences, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Research, Educational Testing, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Learning Disabilities, Mexican American Education, Mexican Americans, Multiple Regression Analysis, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Individual Achievement Test; System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment; Wide Range Achievement Test