ERIC Number: ED315210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Dependence to Independence: Vocational Success through Ecological Congruence.
Creekmore, W. N., III; And Others
Competitive employment for individuals with developmental disabilities is the ultimate goal in defining vocational success. Employment training programs for the mentally retarded have often focused on pre-vocational lock-step prerequisite skills rather than on a functional methodology that is skill specific. In contrast, the concept of ecological congruence addresses the match between the skill requirements of the specific job and the skill repertoire of the worker. This approach greatly reduces the usual problems of maintenance and generalization of trained behaviors. A quick, cheap, reliable instrument for evaluation of client skills is the Workskills Vocational Assessment, Training, and Transition Matrix, a criterion referenced device. Six subtests identify client strengths and weaknesses in gross and fine motor skills, flexibility and coordination, physical endurance, vision and hearing, communication, situational reasoning, and cognitive and academic skills. Assessment of the vocational community involves identification of potential job opportunities, followed by skill analysis and real-time surveys at potential job sites. Once a client-job match has been made, integration of the client into the work environment is accomplished through concentric transition, a technique involving gradual exposure to work, work site, and job responsibilities with the support of a job coach. Concentric transition may begin in either a public secondary school or sheltered workshop setting and continue in the real work world. (SV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Education and the Changing Rural Community: Anticipating the 21st Century. Proceedings of the 1989 ACRES/NRSSC Symposium. See RC 017 257.