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ERIC Number: ED315204
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Digital-First Approach to Teaching Temporal Concepts to Preschool Exceptional Children.
Creekmore, W. N., III; And Others
This paper reviews traditional analog time-telling instructional procedures and introduces the Applied Digital Method (ADM), a newer technique using a digital paradigm. The ADM is a favorable method for teaching time-telling to special needs students and non-disabled young children. Students' rate of learning is greatly influenced by developmental variables of short-term memory, understanding abstract numerical concepts, and the desire and need to learn time-telling skills. Traditional uses of the sundial and one-handed clocks prove difficult for many children to comprehend. Development of these methods was based on the analog clock, once the only accurate timepiece available. While the analog clock face contains all numerals through 12 in hours, and zero through 59 in minutes, the digital timepiece displays only those numbers which are required to determine the time. The ADM, taught throughout the day, requires that certain in-class responsibilities be shifted from the teacher to the students. The method incorporates the use of a digital clock, static cardboard replicas, and wall murals depicting school-day activities. Students are taught how to read digital numerals. Then, at various times during the day, they respond to the questions "What time is it?" and "What do we do now?" taking cues from the replicas and drawings. As the students learn the time of day, the murals are removed. The ADM requires only that students learn basic numeral recognition skills to become effective time-tellers. Five references and three sample murals are attached. (TES)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A