ERIC Number: ED315193
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Preschool Programs for At-Risk Children: A Review of Recent Literature.
Balasubramaniam, Meena; Turnbull, Brenda J.
This review draws on research literature concerning preschool programs for at-risk children in the United States. Studies cited are those that meet relatively high standards of research quality. The term "at-risk" refers to children who are considered liable to develop behavioral problems and experience school failure because of their low socioeconomic or minority status or the limited education of their parents. The four questions addressed in the report concern trends in preschool enrollment, common characteristics of exemplary preschool programs for at-risk children, effects of such programs, and evidence on the durability of those effects and the reasons why they may fade. Elements common to exemplary preschool programs include curriculum and teaching practices based on principles of children's learning; sustained parental involvement; and periodic monitoring and evaluation. The research shows that preschool education programs for at-risk children have effects in six major areas: cognitive abilities; classroom learning behaviors; socioemotional development; family; long-term school success; and school and societal costs. Evidence on program effects indicates that, for seven possible reasons, cognitive gains of participating children diminish between preschool and the end of grade five, and under some circumstances disappear entirely. A total of 58 references are cited. (RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Policy Studies Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.