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ERIC Number: ED315157
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug-11
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of the United States Government in Early Education During the Depression of the 1930s.
Lascarides, V. Celia
This paper provides an overview of the emergence of U.S. nursery schools. Sections concern: (1) the status of nursery schools in the United States before 1933; (2) the economic crisis of 1929; (3) the creation of federal programs; (4) authorization of emergency nursery schools; and (5) the involvement of the National Advisory Committee. Early childhood education had its largest growth during the depression years, when the federal government created and financed nursery schools. The emergency nursery schools came at a time when nursery education had been well-established and there was a strong interest in the education of the child before kindergarten. The emergency program represented the first federal recognition that the education and care of young children was a responsibility warranting the appropriation of public funds. Nursery schools were identified as an educational program, were located in public school buildings, and were controlled by the local public school system. Through the emergency program, nursery schools became widely recognized and demonstrated their value. It was hoped that the program could be incorporated into the public school system for the benefit of all children. The experience gained from the program provided a basis for further increase of nursery schools in World War II. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A