ERIC Number: ED315154
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Intelligence Related to Delay of Gratification and Behavior Problems in Three-Year-Old Sons of Alcoholics.
Sullivan, Linda A.; And Others
This study presents data from a study of effects of fathers' alcohol dependence on family functioning and child development. Alcoholic families were recruited from the population of males who had been convicted for driving while impaired or driving under the influence of alcohol, who lived in an intact family, and who had a biological son between 3 and 6 years of age. Of particular interest was the interrelationship among parental cognitive and neuropsychological functioning, perceived problems with the child, and the child's ability to delay gratification. Measures included two subsets of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist, and the Block & Block delay of gratification task. Results revealed a clear and consistent relationship between level of parental cognitive functioning and children's problem behaviors and ability to delay gratification. Fathers higher in cognitive functioning experienced fewer problems with children. Cognitive functioning of both parents was positively related to children's ability to delay gratification. It was suggested that fathers higher in cognitive functioning may have a more realistic expectation of their son's behavior or have sons who are less problematic, whereas mothers' perceptions are dependent on influences other than cognitive functioning. Parental cognitive functioning may affect the child's ability to delay gratification. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan State Dept. of Mental Health, Lansing.; National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress Meeting of the World Association of Infant Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines (4th, Lugano, Switzerland, Septebmer 20-24, 1989). For related documents, see PS 018 496-499.