ERIC Number: ED315153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
The Relation of Parental Depression and Self Esteem to Behavior Problems in Three-Year-Old Sons of Alcoholics.
Schneider, Andrew M.; And Others
Preliminary results from a longitudinal study designed to systematically examine the family life of children reared in a home with an alcoholic father are reported. Analysis is restricted to 15 families from a larger study in which the target child was a 3-year-old male. Parents completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Progress Evaluation Scales on self-esteem, and the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist. Children were given the Block & Block delay of gratification task. Results are best viewed heuristically due to the small sample size. Findings indicated no significant relationships between fathers' and mothers' problem drinking or self-esteem. Parents' ratings of children's immaturity and aggression were significantly related. Mothers' depression and low-esteem were related to perceived problems in their child and their children's ability to delay gratification. Fathers' lifetime problem drinking was related to children's aggression, immaturity, and social withdrawal. The data suggest that a model stressing an indirect developmental pathway, whereby the father's depression affects the mother's depression, self-esteem, and, consequently, her child rearing practices, is worthy of further testing. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan State Dept. of Mental Health, Lansing.; National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress Meeting of the World Association of Infant Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines (4th, Lugano, Switzerland, September 20-24, 1989). For related documents, see PS 018 496-499.