ERIC Number: ED315027
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Patterns of Finance in Higher Education. Country Study: Germany.
The report examines trends and issues in the finance of higher education in West Germany. Patterns of finance in the fully funded state institutions of higher education are governed by the public budget law of 1969. The quantitative expansion of the higher education system planned at the beginning of the 1970s has been essentially completed. For the 1990s, the supply of places for students is expected to equal demand. Some objectives, however, have not been achieved including increased numbers of women students and teachers and stimulation of interest in the natural and engineering sciences. Students from medium-income families are disadvantaged and public expenditure on teaching and research has declined. Concerns which require structural reforms include the long duration of courses of study, the need for new postgraduate courses, and the need for courses for continuing, adult, and in-service education. Current discussion focuses on safeguarding the funding of institutions within the public expenditure framework and on using financial incentives to stimulate institutions to undertake reforms in structure and content. Critics of the present system of full government funding suggest meeting expenditures partly through tuition fees, fee subsidies and loans. The report details data leading to these conclusions in five chapters, an annotated bibliography of 16 items, and a statistical appendix. (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Delivery Systems, Educational Economics, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Enrollment Trends, Financial Policy, Financial Problems, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, State Universities, Trend Analysis
OECD, 2, rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16 France.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ministry of Education and Science, Bonn (West Germany).
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
Identifiers - Location: West Germany