ERIC Number: ED315015
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
The Costs of Higher Education: An Essay on the Comparative Financing of Universities. Special Studies in Comparative Education No. 23.
Johnstone, D. Bruce
The paper uses data from the United States and several other industrialized nations to evaluate the costs of post-secondary education. Discussed are: variations on the concept of higher educational costs; three cost issues (how much higher education, the unit costs of higher education, and sharing the costs); higher education costs and social goals--equality of opportunity, efficiency, and equity; the costs of higher education in five nations (United States, United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, Sweden). Among the international trends identified are the following: (1) aggregate expenditures will increase in real terms; (2) the underrepresentation of children from less privileged socioeconomic classes will remain a great problem in all nations; (3) pressures to spend more on aggregate higher educational capacity and on a per-unit basis will be resisted by increasing pressures from governments (taxpayers) to lower unit costs and become more productive; (4) technology (though unsuccessful in altering unit costs in Europe and North America) may play a role in the cost-effective expansion of higher education in Asia and sparsely populated regions; (5) higher education will become increasingly differentiated; (6) higher education will continue to broaden its revenue base away from overwhelming reliance on the taxpayer. Forty-four endnotes are attached. (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Comparative Education, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Educational Economics, Educational Technology, Efficiency, Fiscal Capacity, Futures (of Society), Higher Education, Resource Allocation, Student Costs, Trend Analysis
Comparative Education Center. 428 Christopher Baldy Hall, SUNY-Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Comparative Education Center.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Japan; Sweden; United Kingdom