ERIC Number: ED314835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Policy Initiatives To Improve Primary School Quality in Thailand: An Essay on Implementation, Constraints, and Opportunities for Educational Improvement. BRIDGES Research Report Series, No. 5.
Wheeler, Christopher W.; And Others
Thailand has dramatically increased access to education in the past 25 years; however, like many other developing nations, the country now faces the pressing need to improve educational quality--especially at the primary level. To improve Thailand's primary school quality, the quality of teaching and school administration must be improved. Some policy initiatives attempting to accomplish this goal were designed to make teachers and principals accountable for student academic achievement; others focused on building teacher and principal knowledge capacities and on stimulating quality instruction and administrative leadership. An examination of nine important initiatives enacted during the 1970s through the mid-1980s revealed three patterns of implementation and success. Strong, united central government support was an important factor in initiatives that produced behavior changes. Additionally, desired effects were achieved if the initiative content met the needs of those affected and if participatory social relations during implementation subsequently appeared in classroom social relations. The accountability approach, currently prominent in Thai schools, may negatively affect long-term, self-sustaining school improvement. Creating a balance between accountability and capacity-building strategies of educational improvement offers a promising avenue for resolving the difficulties of reform and for future policy implementation. (33 references) (KM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Bureau of Science and Technology.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Inst. for International Development.; Institute for International Research, Inc., McLean, VA.; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Thailand