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ERIC Number: ED314810
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Iran Hostage Crisis: Print Journalism's Role in the Reagan Revolution.
Dowling, Ralph E.
The attention of Americans and their mass media to the lengthy hostage-taking episode known as the "Iran Hostage Crisis" was unprecedented, especially in light of the apparently limited significance of the hostage-taking as a geo-political event. A study used fantasy-theme analysis of print news coverage (news stories, editorials, letters to the editor, and editorial cartoons) of the events in Iran to identify the motivations of journalists and their audiences in attending to the events and coverage of them. The study found evidence supporting journalists' assertions that they cover events because of their "newsworthiness" to audiences, and supporting the assertion that news has an inherently rhetorical dimension. The study also examined motives of the American public influencing Ronald Reagan's victory over Jimmy Carter in 1980, and how news coverage contributed to this outcome. Finally, the study suggests the dangerous foreign policy environment established when a democratic state's journalists cover foreign news in the fashion they covered the events in Iran. (One hundred seventy-nine notes are included.) (SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran