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ERIC Number: ED314703
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Subject Age and Gender as Predictors of Life Stress, Attributional Style, and Personal Adjustment.
Johnston, Mary Anne; Page, Stewart
This study was conducted to investigate whether women are in fact more depressed than comparable samples of men, as per the stereotype, and/or whether women could be seen as suffering from higher levels of related forms of maladjustment as compared to those of men. Male and female subjects (60 adolescents, 82 young adults, and 82 middle-aged persons) completed measures of attributional style, life event history, and social supports, as well as measures of present adjustment. Instrumentation included the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, Perlin Mastery Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory. Depression and maladjustment generally were considerably greater among the adolescent subjects. However, when the age group of the subject was taken into account, results with such measures did not clearly support the stereotyped view of the "depressed female," nor the usefulness of the most common interpretations of maladjustment or depression, particularly as these might be applied to women. Some implications of such findings are discussed. Thirty-three references and three tables are attached. (Author/TE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada