ERIC Number: ED314702
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Coping on Health Outcomes in Caregiving Spouses of Dementia Patients.
Neundorfer, Marcia McCarthy
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of different ways of coping on caregivers' physical health and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Sixty persons living with and caring for a spouse with Alzheimer's disease (n=58) or multi-infarct dementia (n=2) were interviewed and evaluated by a series of instruments. Independent variables measured included the severity of the memory and behavior problems of the demented patient, caregivers' stress, caregivers' appraisal of options for managing caregiving, and forms of coping used by caregivers. Dependent variables were three adverse health outcomes: reduced physical health, depression, and anxiety. Two sets of regression analyses conducted on the data revealed that gender of caretaker was a significant predictor for physical health only, with caregiving husbands healthier than caregiving wives; and that confrontive coping, with its theme of aggressive efforts to change the situation, was the best predictor of anxiety, while escape-avoidance was the second best predictor. These results suggest that caregivers who show these patterns should be identified by clinicians as at high risk for depression and anxiety. (Fifteen references are included, and findings are displayed in six tables.) (TE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (42nd, Minneapolis, MN, November 17-21, 1989).