ERIC Number: ED314554
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
Let the People Learn: The Establishment of a Department of Non-Formal Education in Botswana. Manchester Monographs No. 29.
Coles, Edwin K. Townsend
This document describes the establishment of a Department of Nonformal Education in Botswana and is intended as a case study that can help ensure that nonformal education receives adequate funding in developing countries. The first chapter examines the theory of nonformal education and includes sections on three guiding precepts for this type of education, principles for an effective structure of nonformal education, decentralization, organization of nonformal education, staff, the political aspects of nonformal education, and the necessity for cooperation between formal and nonformal education organizations. The second chapter traces the development of the Botswana Department of Nonformal Education since 1966. The third chapter examines the successes and failures of the Botswanan experience and highlights the implications for other countries. Among the topics covered are the growth of the Botswanan nonformal education program, the literacy program, culture, the learning environment, the lone learner, the need for group work, higher courses in distance learning, and reasons that expectations for education in Africa are less optimistic in the late 1980s than they were 20 years earlier. Appendices contain a list of department expenditures for 1981-82, notes on those expenditures, training notes on a teaching method used in the department, and a list of literacy materials available in 1981. The document concludes with an epilogue offering recommendations and a 67-item bibliography. (CML)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Distance Education, Educational Administration, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Literacy Education, Nonformal Education, Nontraditional Education, Public Agencies
Haigh and Hochland, Precinct Centre, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9QA, England (6.50 pounds).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Manchester Univ. (England). Centre for Adult and Higher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Botswana