ERIC Number: ED314547
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Restructuring American Schools: The Promise and the Pitfalls. Conference Paper No. 10.
McDonnell, Lorraine M.
Poor educational performance and the changing nature of work and workers have prompted calls for a major restructuring of American schools. The following broad categories of restructuring options are discussed and supporting research is reviewed: (1) decentralizing authority over schooling through school-based management, more professional teaching conditions, and greater parental choice; (2) holding schools more accountable; (3) altering the process and content of classroom instruction; and (4) strengthening the links between schools and the larger community, particularly with business and various social service networks. The following major problems with restructuring are discussed: (1) the connection between the problems of poor educational performance and a changing economy, and the solutions embodied in different restructuring proposals are not always clear or well-articulated; (2) the causes of the problems with the educational system have yet to be definitively identified; (3) very little attention has been given to the costs of various restructuring options or to the new investments in capacity-building that would be needed; and (4) changes in authority over key educational decisions raise normative questions about the governance of public education and which values should prevail. A list of 102 references is appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrative Organization, Change Strategies, Classroom Environment, Conference Papers, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Literature Reviews, School Based Management, School Choice, School Community Relationship, School Effectiveness, School Organization
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. on Education and the Economy.