ERIC Number: ED314530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Education and the Economy: A Diagnostic Review and Implications for the Federal Role.
Berryman, Sue E.
Changes in the American economy and in the nature and organization of work fundamentally challenge the educational system and have implications for the Federal Government's role. Case studies of the insurance, banking, and textile industries demonstrate the following changes in the nature and structure of work: (1) both service and manufacturing industries are moving from a production orientation to a product and customer orientation, from mass production to flexible production; and (2) computerization usually increases skill demands. The following disconnections between education and the economy are discussed: (1) mismatches between school and non-school settings in the structure of knowledge used and the social structure of its use; (2) differences between employers' and educators' perceptions of problems; (3) problems with the signalling systems between school and work settings; and (4) organizational differences between schools and industries. The following economic changes that affect post-secondary education and training are discussed: (1) conflict between labor demand and supply; (2) employers' training investment patterns and their consequences; and (3) changing patterns of employer training investment. The following recommendations for the federal role in education are discussed: (1) reconceptualize the federal role in education; (2) lead efforts to revitalize education; (3) invest in educational research and development; (4) eliminate narrow job-specific vocational education at the secondary level, integrate academic and vocational learning, and extend this integration through the elementary grades; (5) unify education and training policy; and (6) think through a policy on training vouchers for workers. A list of 51 references is appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. on Education and the Economy.
Note: Paper presented at the Aspen Institute's "Seminar on the Federal Role in Education" (Aspen, CO, July 31-August 10, 1988).