ERIC Number: ED314510
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Reclaiming the Future: A Framework for Improving Student Success and Reducing Dropout Rates in Philadelphia.
McMullan, Bernard J.; And Others
This document summarizes the literature on the causes of dropping out, reviews national dropout prevention initiatives, proposes a set of principles to guide dropout prevention programs, and recommends a framework of policies for the Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Public Schools. The dropout literature indicates that dropping out is a developmental process involving a complicated interaction of student and school factors. The following effective programs were identified: (1) the Youth Entitlement Project (YIEPP); (2) the Summer Employment and Training Program (STEP); and (3) Job Corps. The following programs also appeared to be effective: (1) the Job Readiness Program; (2) the Philadelphia High School Academies; (3) the Focus Project; (4) Project COFFEE; (5) the Family Learning Center; and (6) Cities in Schools. The following principles were compiled from an analysis of program features: (1) deliver education in small, intensive units; (2) develop high teacher expectations, reinforce student self-worth, and hold students to clear standards; (3) use a wide range of instructional techniques; (4) meet the broad range of disadvantaged students' needs; (5) incorporate sustained adult contact; (6) establish school-community partnerships; (7) build in economic incentives; (8) remove barriers to attendance; (9) change ineffective policies; and (10) identify at-risk students early in their careers. A review of existing programs in the Philadelphia schools indicates a strong base for implementing a system-wide approach but the present scope is inadequate. A set of operational and management recommendations is suggested that forms a framework for reform at the school and unit level. A 194-item bibliography and brief descriptions of five programs identified in the text are appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Dropout Prevention, Dropout Programs, Educational Improvement, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Literature Reviews, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Program Evaluation, School Effectiveness, Student Needs, Urban Schools
Philadelphia Schools Collaborative, 21st & The Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Authoring Institution: Wolf (W.C.) Associates, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)