ERIC Number: ED314501
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Predicting the Academic Success of Student-Athletes Using SAT and Noncognitive Variables. Research Report #20-89.
Sedlacek, William E.; Adams-Gaston, Javaune
Incoming freshman athletes (N=105) in revenue sports (e.g., football, basketball) and non-revenue sports (e.g., tennis, swimming) at the University of Maryland (College Park) were administered the Noncognitive Questionnaire (NCQ) at their initial fall orientation. The sample was 64% male, 80% White, 15% Black, and 4% Hispanic. The NCQ has been shown by T. J. Tracey and W. E. Sedlacek (1984) to have validity in predicting the success, particularly retention and graduation, of non-traditional students (e.g., cultural and racial minorities, international students). Three of the eight NCQ scales (support person, community, and self-concept) combined to predict first semester grade point average. Scores on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) had essentially no correlation with freshman grades. It was concluded that SAT scores should not be used to prevent athletes from competing in their first year. It was further suggested that thinking of athletes as traditional students in special circumstances may be doing them a disservice. It may be more meaningful to consider athletes as non-traditional students with their own cultures and problems in relating to the larger system. Other research identifying prejudice toward athletes supports this point. Suggestions are made for programs for athletes and others on campus. Three data tables are included. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Noncognitive Questionnaire; SAT (College Admission Test)