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ERIC Number: ED314468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
How American Educational Policy and Practices Impact the Language and Culture of an American Pacific Island.
Freese, Anne Reilley
The impact of the western educational model and the use of English on the language and traditional behaviors of young people in American Samoa was studied. Results from a 1973 study were compared with results collected in 1987 using the same instrument to measure changes in language and culture-related behaviors. A survey of nearly 190 American Samoans graduating seniors was conducted in May 1973 to determine the extent to which the English language had penetrated into Samoan society and to determine the impact of western education on the culture, language, and traditional behaviors of American Samoan youth. Subjects for the current study were 173 students attending American Samoa Community College. Data were collected using the background information sheet developed for the initial survey. The general design of the self-report instrument was adopted from the Acculturation Scales of D. Gold (1966). Comparing 1973 and 1987 results indicated a general shift to increased English usage and a decrease in the amount of Samoan language used in nearly all interpersonal situations. Samoan did continue to be the primary language used with parents, but was no longer the primary language with siblings. In 1987 students had shifted their preferences toward western styles of dress, an overt characteristic of acculturation. These findings reflect the need to determine the educational and cultural priorities of the American Samoan population. Three tables contain study data. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: American Samoa