ERIC Number: ED314419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Perceptions, Attitudes, Motivations, and Behaviors of Drivers 18 to 22 Years Old.
Basch, Charles E.; And Others
Young people are open to traffic accidents because of their age, their attitude, their lack of experience, and their tendency for risk-taking. This study sought an answer to the question of what are the perceptions, attitudes, feelings, and self-reported behaviors of young people that lead to traffic safety problems and/or interfere with their solutions. The investigators conducted focus group discussions, and administered a semantic differential instrument and a data sheet on driving to 316 young drivers selected from the target population. The data from this research are presented on tables with accompanying narrative discussion, which identifies and analyzes specific problems revealed by the responses of participants. Results indicated a wide range of individual differences, and many unsafe driving practices appear to be rooted in emotional rather than cognitive causes. Driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol appeared to carry little stigma with young people. It is suggested that driver improvement programs should be approached from the perspective of the young drivers themselves, including: (1) focusing on their values and goals; (2) recognizing the possible social attractiveness of unsafe driving; (3) identifying and dealing with the emotional causes of unsafe driving; and (4) assisting young people to find ways other than unsafe driving to achieve their personal goals. Instruments used in the survey are appended. (JD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drinking, Driver Education, Drug Use, Emotional Problems, Personality Traits, Recreational Activities, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Traffic Accidents, Traffic Safety, Youth Problems
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 1730 M St. NW, Washington, DC 20036 (first copy free, $2.00 thereafter).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, Washington, DC.