ERIC Number: ED314408
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-9
Reference Count: N/A
Teacher Perceptions of a Psychology of Pedagogy.
White, William F.
The hypothesis tested in this study was the statement that teachers reflect what they have been taught--that teaching is a direct presentation of a specified curriculum and the direct reinforcement of students' correct responses to the curriculum. A survey of 455 graduate students called for scale responses about several theories of learning as well as theories of pedagogy: (1) classical conditioning; (2) Thorndike-Skinnerian operant conditioning; (3) Gagne's task cognitive theory; (4) Piaget's cognitive development theory; (5) information systems--cognitive learning theory; (6) Bandura's social learning theory; and (7) White's psychology of pedagogy. Responses indicated that the subjects' belief system about teaching was patterned after a direct teaching style, was methods oriented, and used positive external reinforcement as a tool to change behavior. It is hypothesized that the teachers of today are probably reflecting the theory and methods of their teacher training programs. Methods courses and reinforcement strategies dominated the pedagogical practice of the past 20 years; however, principles of learning and of pedagogy based on social learning and information systems should occupy the stage of importance in the decade of the '90s. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Little Rock, AR, November 7-10, 1989).