ERIC Number: ED314336
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-31
Reference Count: N/A
Goals, Instruction, and Management in High School History Classes.
Only by examining the way teachers actually use instructional time and engage students in the teaching-learning process can educators gain a clearer understanding of student learning. A critical examination of students' opportunity to learn should include the goals a teacher holds for students and the tasks assigned, the teaching methods utilized, and the classroom management strategies employed by the teacher. The goals of this study are to describe and analyze how social studies teachers translate goals into teaching activities, to explain why teachers make particular decisions by examining the primary influences on the teacher, and to understand the consequences of particular teacher goals, teaching methods, and management strategies on students' opportunity to learn. Two U.S. history teachers from each of six high schools were selected for observation and analysis. Time and activity information is displayed in a series of tables and charts in the appendix. The data raise questions concerning the appropriate time spent in academic versus management activities. More research is needed on the intermediate role of communication about learning tasks. Given the inherent tension in social studies between content coverage and in-depth discussion and skill development, perhaps the key is to assist teachers in developing instructional methods and managerial strategies which allow them to involve and maintain the attention of students while sustaining a brisk pace toward content-related goals. A 92-item bibliography is included. (JB)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Research, Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Discipline, Educational Objectives, High Schools, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Social Studies, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Teaching Methods, United States History
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).