ERIC Number: ED314302
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep-18
Reference Count: N/A
International and Citizenship Education: Need and Nexus.
Branson, Margaret Stimmann
Two major efforts to redirect the school curriculum that are currently of special concern, not only to educators but to the general citizenry as well, are citizenship education and international or global education. Both deal with the development of competent and responsible citizens whose perspectives, knowledge, and skills will enable them to participate more effectively in local, state, national, and international affairs. Scholars have called for a new, less ethnocentric vision of U.S. history designed to provide a world-historical perspective, a perspective that will cultivate a sense of individual identification with the triumphs and tribulations of humanity as a whole. Due to the role which the United States plays in world affairs, U.S. citizenship is a passport to relevance in world affairs. This call for an expanded view of citizenship education is echoed by professional societies and the National Governors Association. There is, however, debate on the goals and contents of such programs. Some argue that the turning away from a U.S.-centered view promotes a cultural relativism that denies the import and unique value of the U.S. experience and way of life. Another implication of cultural relativism is the equation of all systems as humane or legitimate, when in fact they may not be. The variety of proposals for the content and scope of international education programs reflects the variety of rationales for the need of international education, as well as the fact that no intellectual heritage exists in this area. Good citizenship in today's interdependent world requires a broad, transnational outlook and a greater concern for the human rights of all the world's peoples. (PPB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference on Constitutional Government and the Development of an Enlightened Citizenry (Los Angeles, CA, September 16-22 1989).