ERIC Number: ED314228
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in American Indian Education: A Historical Retrospective for Educators in the United States. ERIC Digest.
This brief retrospective outlines major points in the history of American Indian education and major issues in Indian curriculum and teacher training. From the arrival of Europeans until recent times, formal schooling for American Indians has been controlled by others--first missionaries, then the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). After World War II, American Indians began to actively promote self-determination and their own civil rights. Today all Indian schools are controlled by the local community or are operated by the BIA in conjunction with local Indian school boards. American Indian students' generally poor academic achievement has been attributed to sociocultural factors, such as differences between students' and teachers' languages, cultures, values, and learning styles. School improvement efforts either are based on studies of urban or suburban schools serving the dominant culture or follow the "whole language approach," focusing on getting students to read more "real literature" and to write more. Integration of American Indian language and culture into the regular school curriculum is critical to improving student achievement. Teachers of Indian children need systematic training about sociocultural influences on learning and about tribal cultures. Some tribal councils have formulated educational policies that mandate school instruction in the tribal language and culture. This digest contains 10 references. (SV)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian History, American Indians, Curriculum Problems, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Improvement, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education
Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.