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ERIC Number: ED314212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Montessori Education: A Humanistic Approach for the 1990s.
D'Emidio-Caston, Marianne; Crocker, Ellen
This study identifies philosophical and instructional values implicit in the educational thought of Maria Montessori and compares those values with Shapiro's (1986, 1987) set of humanistic value principles. Shapiro's 16 value principles, which are derived from an analysis of 100 works of 89 well-known writers who have been publicly associated with humanistic education, concern: (1) a process orientation; (2) self-determination; (3) interpersonal connectedness; (4) personal relevance; (5) integration of affect and cognition in a holistic approach; (6) consideration of context; (7) an affective, experiential bias; (8) innovation; (9) democratic participation; (10) orientation toward personal growth; (11) orientation toward the intrinsic value of persons; (12) individualism; (13) reality as concrete and pragmatic; (14) formative over summative evaluation; (15) encouragement of diversity and creativity; and (16) the cultivation of spiritual potential. A content analysis of Montessori's highly philosophical book, "The Secret of Childhood," yielded 156 value statements that were sorted using Shapiro's 16 value principles. Results demonstrate extensive similarity between Montessori's values and the values of humanistic educators. Each area of similarity is discussed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A