ERIC Number: ED314205
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Comparison of Two Children's Measures of Type A Behavior.
Jose, Paul E.; Hanson, Matthew R.
Two measures of Type A behavior in children were compared. The first, the Matthews Youth Test for Health (MYTH, 1980), is an instrument based on the factors of competitiveness-leadership and impatience-aggression. The second is the A-B Rating Scale (ABRS, 1982), a self-assessment measure for children that is based on the factors of restlessness-aggression, eagerness-energy, leadership, and alienation. In addition, the stability of MYTH scores over a 3-year period were measured and a principal component factor analysis of MYTH scores was conducted. Data were obtained in two waves. The first wave assessment involved 283 children in kindergarten to fourth grade at two elementary, one public, and one parochial school who were rated for Type A behavior by classroom teachers using the MYTH. Second wave data, collected 3 years later at participating first wave schools and a private, secular elementary school, involved 198 of the first wave students. These students rated themselves with the A-B Rating Scale and were assessed by a teacher with the MYTH. Findings showed that: (1) MYTH scores tended to remain stable over a 3-year span; (2) agreement between the two measures was weak; and (3) the two factors of the MYTH were intercorrelated more strongly than the four factors of the ABRS. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A