ERIC Number: ED314190
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
The Determinants of Parenting: What Variables Do We Need To Look At?
Abidin, Richard R.
One recently developed parenting research model hypothesizes that parenting behavior and child adjustment are influenced by a number of divergent variables that operate through the component of the parent's personality that is related to the parenting role. In this model, the level of stress experienced by each parent results from a series of appraisals made by each parent in the context of his or her level of commitment to the parenting role. Parenting stress is viewed as a motivational variable that encourages parents to use parenting support resources available to them. The richness or paucity of resources available naturally plays a key role in the ultimate parenting behavior. A measure of one of the important conceptual variables in the model has been developed: The Parenting Alliance Inventory (PAI), a self-report measure that focuses on aspects of the marital relationship that bear directly on parenting. Recent research has demonstrated that narrow band personality measures consisting of questions that are directly tied to a specific belief system can predict and define determinants of parenting behaviors. It is believed that the PAI will contribute significantly to the prediction of parenting behaviors because the PAI is based on the recognition that both parents can function well in the parenting role even when they are dissatisfied with the marital relationship. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (97th, New Orleans, LA, August 11-15, 1989).