ERIC Number: ED314188
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Nurses Behave Differentially to Neonates in Terms of Their True Gender Compared to Their Ascribed Gender.
Hollenbeck, Albert R.; And Others
Response patterns of 24 female nurses to 2-day-old neonates who had been arbitrarily labeled male or female were studied. A total of 17 reliable behaviors of nurses were scored from videotapes of nurse-infant interaction. Nurses responded differentially to neonates based on true gender rather than ascribed gender. Nurses held boys more by their torso and girls more on their laps, and used more nonvocal sounds with boys than with girls. Nurses' responses to neonates who were arbitrarily labeled for gender were inconsistent. It is concluded that these findings have implications for gender role socialization theories that incorporate differential treatment as an explanation for later gender differences. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A