ERIC Number: ED314119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-27
Instrumental and Terminal Life Values of Faculty by Community College Location, Age, Experience, Highest Degree and Other Employment.
Bohan, John F.; Hales, Loyde W.
A study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the life values of community college faculty and selected demographic variables (i.e., college location, age, teaching experience, highest degree held, and other employment). A stratified random sample of 984 Oregon community college instructors was asked to identify "guiding principles" in their lives from Rokeach's lists of 18 terminal values, which represented idealized end-states of existence (e.g., a comfortable life, an exciting life, a sense of accomplishment, a world at peace, a world of beauty, and freedom) and 18 instrumental values, which represent idealized modes of behavior (e.g., ambitious, broad-minded, capable, clean, forgiving, loving, obedient, and self-controlled). Study findings, based on responses from 51% of those surveyed, included the following: (1) rated in inverse order, the means for instrumental values ranged 4.87 for Honest to 15.05 for Obedient; (2) the five first ranked instrumental values were Honest, Responsible, Loving, Capable, and Independent; (3) the means for terminal values ranged 5.73 for Health to 13.18 for Social Recognition; (4) the five first ranked terminal values were Health, Self-Respect, Family Security, Freedom, and Inner Harmony; (5) significant differences in terminal values were found based on respondents' age, years of teaching experience, highest degree held, and other job; (6) differences in instrumental values were found based on age, highest degree held, and other job; and (7) other job/no other job was the most important independent variable, significantly affecting 50% of the terminal and instrumental values. The instrument used to collect personal data is attached. (WJT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).