ERIC Number: ED314057
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Sex and Violence in Michigan.
Woods, L. B.; Robinson, Cynthia A.
Compiled using data from the American Library Association's Office of Intellectual Freedom (OIF), this report provides information about censorship attempts and actions in Michigan between 1976 and 1980. From 1966 through 1975, 65 cases of censorship were reported; from 1975 through 1980, 23 cases were reported. It is noted that an estimated 85% of censorship incidents are never reported to the OIF; therefore, Michigan's actual censorship rate could be significantly higher. The number of censorship attempts in Michigan was found to be considerably below the national average. Censorship cases were reported in 20 cities and in both educational and noneducational institutions. Attacks on educational institutions were widespread throughout the state, but attacks on noneducational institutions were mostly in the Detroit vicinity. In educational institutions, censorship cases were most often initiated by parents; in noneducational settings cases were initiated by a variety of figures, including attorneys and religious groups. The most commonly cited complaints were that materials were offensive, sexually explicit, or promoted stereotypes. Educational institutions were the most affected, with two attempts in elementary schools, one in a junior high school, 10 in high schools, and three in colleges and universities. Other entities affected included political leaflets (1), the press (1), stores (3), television stations (1), and theaters (1). Of the 23 cases, 13 were successful, four were partially successful, two were unsuccessful, and four were of unknown status. Seven tables summarize the findings. (17 references) (SD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan