ERIC Number: ED314056
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
The Rape of the Statue of Liberty?
Woods, L. B.; Cook, Kathleen M.
Compiled using data from the American Library Association's Office of Intellectual Freedom (OIF), this report provides information about censorship attempts and actions in New York between 1966 and 1980. The purpose of this article is to provide New York librarians and educators with information on: (1) number of censorship cases reported; (2) locations of attempts; (3) sources of attempts; (4) reasons for attack; (5) types of institutions affected; (6) materials under attack; and (7) the outcomes of censorship attempts. During this time period, 85 cases were reported. It is noted, however, that an estimated 85% of censorship incidents are never reported to the OIF; therefore, New York's actual censorship rate could be significantly higher. Seventeen cases occurred in New York City, and the others were distributed among 50 other towns and cities. The peak years were 1970 and 1971; a decrease was noted from 1973 to 1980. Censorship cases were often initiated by administrators, parents, school trustees, and a variety of leadership figures. The institutions affected were elementary schools (5); junior high schools (8); senior high schools (33); colleges and universities (20); public libraries (8); and school districts (11). Censorship attacks were most commonly prompted by incidents of a sexual nature, obscenity, language, and racism. Of the 85 cases, 23 were successful, four were partially successful, 42 were unsuccessful, and 16 were of unknown status at time of report. Seven tables provide summaries of the data analyses and a list of the books, films, and other materials targeted for censorship. (28 references) (SD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York