ERIC Number: ED314008
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive ATI Research: A Simulated Laboratory Environment in (PCE-)Prolog.
Kamsteeg, Paul A.; Bierman, Dick J.
A study of 228 undergraduate psychology students examined the effectiveness of a prototype of "heatlab," a laboratory simulation written in PCE-PROLOG, intended for remedying misconceptions of the concepts "heat" and "temperature." The effect of varying the amount of structure on students' understanding and the possibility of an interaction between amount of structure and the students' negative fear of failure were also examined. Quantitative data (using pre-, post-, and retention tests) indicated that understanding of the concepts had been increased by "heatlab." The amount of structuring was shown not to make a significant difference, neither as a main effect nor in interaction with fear of failure. In a socratic remedy of a misconception, the structure imposed upon the discovery process is aimed at inducing a paradox which forces the student to re-evaluate his/her beliefs. Students' reactions to paradoxes were examined, with a focus on the circumstances under which surprise reactions occur and the effect of varying the amount of structure on these reactions. Qualitative data (analysis of a think-aloud protocol) indicated an interaction between fear of failure and structuring in that there is no socratic learning for high fear of failure subjects in the unstructured condition. (GL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands