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ERIC Number: ED313969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bricks without Straw: Missionary-Sponsored Black Higher Education in the Post-Emancipation Era. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Brazzell, Johnetta Cross
The development of missionary-sponsored black higher education institutions in the post-emancipation era as represented by the creation of Spelman Seminary (a school for black females established in 1881) in Atlanta, Georgia is discussed. Attention is focused on the founding and founders of Spelman and how the educational process was used to shape and define the roles of women who were in attendance. In order to understand the founders and the institution they created, it is imperative to understand the milieu within which they existed, thus understanding: the status and societal expectations of southern black women in the post-Civil War era; the state of elementary/secondary education for blacks; and the role of missionary organizations in the development of southern education institutions. The missionaries, despite their sincerity, were often narrow thinking and myopic in their world view. Too often issues related to blacks were treated from the posture that blacks were the problem. One of the stated educational goals of Spelman was to prepare a college-bred black leadership to uplift the masses; yet, well into the 20th century, after thousands of blacks had received the proper credentials, the faculty, administrators, and boards of trustees of black northern sponsored missionary schools remained overwhelmingly white. It was not until 1987 that Spelman acquired its first black female president. Contains 30 references. (SM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A