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ERIC Number: ED313913
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Dec-6
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Question-Answering Behaviors in ESL and EFL Classrooms: Similarities and Differences.
Kubota, Mikio
A study examined student responses to teacher-initiated questions in classrooms of English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL). The study focused specifically on the similarities and differences in the questions asked by native-speaking (NS) teachers of ESL and by non-native-speaking (NNS) teachers of EFL, and to assess the relationship between teachers' question types and students' responses. Results suggest that: (1) the power of wh-questions is strong, triggering longer and more syntactically complex utterances than yes/no questions; (2) teachers should note that higher-level cognitive questions might increase the length and syntactic complexity of students speech; (3) NNS teachers may paraphrase questions in more cases, but not simply repeat them with one turn when students have difficulty answering; (4) in some contexts, teachers should give students frequent speaking turns and as much speaking time as possible; and (5) as in natural discourse outside the classroom, two-way or multi-way exchange of information is ideal for genuine communication. Further research on interactional features of teachers' questions, characteristics of followup questions, relationships between syntactic and cognitive question types, and the relationships between length and complexity of teacher questions and student responses is recommended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A