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ERIC Number: ED313899
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
"Naive" Native Speakers and Judgments of Oral Proficiency in Spanish.
Barnwell, David
A study addressed issues of concern in the use of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL)/Educational Testing Service (ETS) Language Proficiency Guidelines commonly used in determination of oral language proficiency. Specifically, potential discrepancies between the judgments of trained raters and "naive" native speakers of the target language were investigated. Four recorded oral interviews by an ACTFL-trained interviewer and corroborated by a second trained rater, were played to 14 "naive" (untrained) raters. The experiment deliberately attempted to avoid the process of socialization that plays an important part in the ACTFL training of interviewer-raters. Raters were given a Spanish translation of the generic ACTFL oral proficiency scales and at least one day to study them. The "naive" raters evaluated the recordings based on their own understanding of the scales, without outside interpretation. The results suggest that current knowledge of native speakers is inadequate for prediction of their assessment of non-native speech, even with the use of the scale, raising questions about the generalization of native-speaker reactions as indices of a candidate's proficiency. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A