ERIC Number: ED313866
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
Special Education: Congressional Action Needed To Improve Chapter 1 Handicapped Program. Report to Congressional Committees.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
This study was undertaken in response to Congressional concern about the relationship between two major federal programs: the Chapter 1 Handicapped Program and the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA). The study found that, although the services handicapped children receive are similar in both programs, they often are more frequent or more intensive in the Chapter 1 program, reflecting the more serious handicapping conditions of the children involved. The Chapter 1 program is administratively similar to EHA, and the procedural safeguards guaranteed to program participants are the same. Administrative problems exist in that neither Chapter 1 legislation nor regulations specifically limit eligibility to the severely handicapped. Use of the program's transfer provision is no longer considered an incentive to deinstitutionalize handicapped children, but does allow states to receive Chapter 1 funds for children transferred to local school districts who would otherwise qualify for the lower EHA funding level. It is recommended that Congress restructure the Chapter 1 Handicapped Program to eliminate funding imbalances and assure that all states focus on severely handicapped children. Congress is also urged to enact legislation merging the Chapter 1 program under the EHA program, while considering a separate funding set-aside for states to use to serve only severely handicapped children. (JDD)
Descriptors: Administration, Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled), Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Severe Disabilities, Special Education, State Programs
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first five copies free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I