ERIC Number: ED313847
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Memory and Metamemory in Deaf Students.
Tsui, Hing Fung; And Others
The research study investigated the memory and metamemory abilities of four severely to profoundly deaf students with bilateral sensory-neural loss, between the ages of 9 and 20 years. Metamemory was investigated with four modified subtests identified as "story list,""study plan,""retrieval event," and "opposites-arbitrary." Encoding was investigated with a spatial position versus temporal position test. Retrieval was investigated with free-recall of a clusterable word list and paired associate recall of prototypically associated items and non-protypically associated items. Results indicated that the working memory capacity of deaf subjects was depressed. Inefficiency in encoding was observed. Results suggested that the ability to encode both spatial and temporal information is related to some degree of reflective thinking in metamemory. Rehearsal mechanism was associated with temporal position recall and non-prototypical condition. Clustering strategy in free-recall was correlated with semantic knowledge, whereas performance on the prototypical condition in paired-associate learning was highly automatic. Semantic knowledge was correlated with metamemory and free-recall performance. Age trend was observed in metamemory in general, with different patterns on the subtests. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Martin, David S., Ed. International Symposium on Cognition, Education, and Deafness (2nd, Washington, DC, July 5-8, 1989). Working Papers: Volume II.