ERIC Number: ED313800
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
A Consumer's Guide to School Improvement. Trends and Issues Series, Number 4.
Mills, Geoffrey E.
Intended as a synthesis of current literature on school improvement and educational change, this guide attempts to provide central office personnel, principals, teachers, and parents with an overview of five school improvement models, along with practical suggestions for improving instructional programs. The second chapter summarizes relevant literature, focusing on two themes: the actors in the change process and impediments to change. Specifically discussed are district administrators' and principals' roles in the change process, principals' strategies for coping with change, the effect of teacher and administrator career paths on innovation, and "top-down" versus "bottom-up" change. The third chapter examines five school improvement models (the Structure of School Improvement, Onward to Excellence, Program Development Evaluation, School-Based Improvement, and the School Improvement Process) and summarizes common program characteristics. The final chapter presents qualifying assumptions (including the need for multilevel cooperation and strategies for managing the slowly evolving change process) and seven recommendations: (1) fostering an attitude favorable to change; (2) broadening participation; (3) identifying and defining problem areas and key school effectiveness research elements; (4) deciding on long-range goals; (5) developing an information and feedback system; (6) anticipating obstacles and ways to overcome them; and (7) promoting a spirit of collaboration among participants. A bibliography of 40 references is included. (MLH)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Change Strategies, Cooperation, Coping, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Models, Program Implementation, School Effectiveness
Publication Sales, ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 ($6.00 prepaid; $2.50 postage and handling on billed orders).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.