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ERIC Number: ED313764
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Time, Self-Congruity, and Human Expectancy: An Introspective Model of Supervisor-Subordinate Relationships.
Jorgensen, Jerry D.; And Others
A study examined supervisor-subordinate relationships and the congruity of communicative expectations and experiences to determine how congruity was affected by time. Subjects, 117 employees comprising 106 subordinates and 11 first-line supervisors, were surveyed as to communication expectations and experiences with self and with other, as well as job satisfaction. Results revealed two groups of employees and supervisors in regard to congruity of communication expectations and experiences. In the first group, individuals who were congruent with themselves were also congruent with their supervisors, while the second group consisted of employees who were incongruent with themselves and were incongruent with their supervisors. Results also revealed a relationship between the subordinates' congruity of self and dimension of time. Furthermore, the expectation levels tended to be relatively unaffected by time, while the reported communication experiences were subject to change. This suggests that differences in levels of communicative congruity may be detected between new and veteran employees. (Two figures and five tables of data are included; one appendix of survey items and 24 references are attached.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A