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ERIC Number: ED313758
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-21
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Children Having Children: New Arguments on an Old Problem.
Carey, Joyce B.
The work of Joseph Gusfield provides the framework for analyzing the two different perspectives taken by the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) and Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) to combat teen pregnancy. Gusfield first analyzed how the problem emerged and then identified "ownership" of the problem. According to Gusfield, the perspective which an individual or organization takes on a problem directly affects how the problem will be defined and how its solution will be structured. First, PPFA is more concerned about the dissemination of information in order to facilitate teens in making informed choices about sexuality. Their fundamental purpose is to provide educational resources and counseling in addition to making contraceptives available to men and women. CDF, on the other hand, looks at teen pregnancy from the perspective of "children"--children that are born to teenage mothers and the mothers that the organization also refers to as children. CDF views the problem as one of consequences rather than choices. Second, although both organizations place primary importance on preventing the problem, each focuses on a different level of prevention. PPFA argues that the need of prevention measures must occur on a much larger, societal scale. Recently initiated campaigns by both organizations illustrate their different perspectives in the areas of target audience, structure of messages, and means of information dissemination. (Five figures showing campaign posters are included.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A