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ERIC Number: ED313728
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-20
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
First Negative.
Ulrich, Walter
The first negative is often an underutilized speech. The question is what can be done to increase the importance of the first negative speech? The preparation of a superior first negative speech begins prior to the round by developing briefs, coordinating arguments with the second negative, and having a pre-round discussion to reduce the possibility of contradictions. In many of today's debates there is a great deal of emphasis on theoretical issues and topicality. All topicality arguments can do is define the nature of the resolution and how the debate should be evaluated. Two misinterpretations that are often made by negative debaters include: (1) thinking that a fixed set of theoretical rules apply to all debates; and (2) the way that topicality should be resolved. In most cases, the first negative should attack the bulk of the case. Not every affirmative argument should be attacked; instead, the negative speaker should determine what affirmative arguments are crucial to the case, and should emphasize those arguments. It has become increasingly common for the first negative to present a very short version of an argument in order to make the second affirmative respond to the argument. Successful negative strategy requires hard work and planning, before, during, and after the round. (MG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A