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ERIC Number: ED313695
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug-12
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch Debate over Communism, 1940-1955.
Pfaff, Daniel W.
The liberal bias of the "St. Louis Post-Dispatch" has been well-documented, but memoranda between editor-publisher Joseph Pulitzer II and two of his key editors, Julius Klyman and Irving Dilliard, reveal a tug-of-war over the newspaper's liberal treatment of communism from 1940 to 1955. Klyman, editor of the "Pictures" magazine, was a labor activist who disavowed all suspicions that he was a communist. Pulitzer objected to Klyman's emphasis on class struggle and the virtues of non-capitalist economies but believed Klyman was too good a picture editor to be fired or transferred. Dilliard, who edited the editorial page, differed with Pulitzer over interpretation of the First Amendment and application of Constitutional guarantees to the threat of communist subversion. During the Joseph McCarthy era, Pulitzer felt that Dilliard gave the senator an incessant drubbing in the editorial pages. However, Pulitzer respected Dilliard too much to fire him. Pulitzer's attempts to curb both Klyman and Dilliard by assigning people to closely supervise their work was only partly successful. (Thirty-two notes are included.) (MHC)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A