ERIC Number: ED313642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Relationships between Time Orientation, Knowledge of AIDS, and Self-Reported Sexual Behavioral Changes in College Students.
Walters, Andrew S.
College students as young adults are sexually active. Authorities on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are concerned about the transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in college students since students are sexually active but do not perceive precautions against AIDS as necessary for themselves. This study examined what college student subjects (N=180) knew or did not know about AIDS and differences or changes in sexual behavior of subjects after they learned of AIDS. Knowledge about AIDS, time orientation, and sexually risky behavior patterns were assessed. Students exhibited a high degree of AIDS knowledge. Time orientation was insignificant for all variables. Approximately 80 percent of students were sexually active with 29 percent of these having changed toward safer sexual behaviors. However, to the degree changes were made, the changes in behavior before and after learning about AIDS could not be accounted for or predicted by the independent variables. Older students and males as groups both had a higher knowledge of AIDS. It is encouraging that at least some students have altered their sexually risky behavior. If education is to be used as a tool in preventing further infection rates of HIV, then it cannot be used alone as an explanation or as a panacea for changing behavior. A more complex approach is needed which focuses on different developmental groups and which is appropriate for changing sexual behavior in particular. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (60th, Boston, MA, March 30-April 2, 1989). Table, p. 13, will not reproduce adequately in paper copy.