ERIC Number: ED313641
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Perceptions of Women: Influence of Performance, Marital and Parental Variables.
Etaugh, Claire; Poertner, Patricia
The labor force participation of women with young children has increased dramatically in recent years, stimulating research concerning how perceptions of a woman's competence and personality are affected by her employment and family roles. Relatively little is known, however, about perceptions of women with very young children. This study explored the effect of level of job performance (outstanding versus below-average) on perceptions of employed women described as either divorced or married and as having either an infant or no children. Subjects (N=208) were male and female college students. They evaluated a stimulus person on 28 scales describing personality traits, professional competence, and performance attributions. Each subject rated one of eight employed women depicted as either an outstanding or below-average worker, divorced or married, with one or no children. Compared to below average workers, outstanding workers were rated as better adjusted, especially if they were mothers, and more competent, especially if they were not mothers. Married women were perceived as better adjusted than divorced women. Mothers were viewed as more nurturant than nonmothers. Attributions of effort were greater for mothers than for nonmothers. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (97th, New Orleans, LA, August 11-15, 1989).