ERIC Number: ED313625
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Maintenance of Cognitive and Behavioral Change Following Weight Loss Programs: Two Examples.
Kalodner, Cynthia R.; DeLucia, Janice L.
The efficacy of behavioral weight loss programs has been systematically evaluated during active treatment and at follow-up intervals. Despite repeated calls for more comprehensive assessment of change, other sources of information about change in behavior, nutritional habits, and thinking patterns are often neglected. These studies examined the behavioral and cognitive changes that occurred during and after participation in behaviorally oriented weight loss programs. Cognitive, behavioral, nutritional, and social support treatments were utilized to explore potential differential effects. In the first study, subject (N=47) were blocked on sex and weight and then randomly assigned to one of two treatments: a behavioral treatment alone or a combined behavioral and cognitive treatment. In the second study, subjects (N=51) were blocked on sex and weight and then randomly assigned to one of four treatments: a behavioral treatment and social support; a combined behavioral and cognitive treatment; a combined behavioral and nutritional treatment; or a combined behavioral, cognitive, and nutritional treatment. The results indicated that once treatment stopped there was no further statistically significant change in behavior and/or thinking patterns. The curves of behavioral and cognitive measures were similar to the weight loss curves, suggesting that there may be some correlation between degree of continuation of new behaviors and thinking patterns and degree of continued weight loss. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A