ERIC Number: ED313593
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Adolescent Attitudes and Prevention Strategies.
Dielman, T. E.; And Others
An alcohol misuse prevention study (AMPS) curriculum was developed, implemented, and evaluated with over 5,000 fifth and sixth grade students. The AMPS program, emphasizing peer resistance skills, focused on the immediate effects of alcohol, risks of alcohol misuse, and social pressures to misuse alcohol. Schools were randomly assigned to curriculum, curriculum plus booster, or control groups with one-half of each group pretested and all posttested. Measures focused on alcohol use and misuse, susceptibility to peer pressure, tolerance of deviance, pretest drinking status, prior supervised versus unsupervised drinking, parental drinking, and health locus of control. Results for 791 fifth graders and 714 sixth graders who were pretested and present at all testing occasions revealed that, at the 26-month follow-up, the hypothesized treatment by occasion interaction effect on alcohol use and misuse scores was not significant. Addition of a third factor to analyze the data by various subgroups resulted in significant three-way interactions. Both the treatment and control students with little prior exposure to alcohol use showed relatively small increases in alcohol use and misuse which resulted in no significant differences between these groups at the final posttest, while control students with more prior exposure to alcohol use showed more rapid increases in alcohol use and misuse than did their treatment group counterparts. Nineteen references and seven tables are attached. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (116th, Boston, MA, November 13-17, 1988).